Speak

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"Say" is nearly always intransitive and cannot have a person as its object. Say can be used with the exact spoken words.

She said, "I can't help you." She said that she couldn't help me.


"Tell" is nearly always transitive and can have one object.

He told a lie. He told you a different story than he told me.


"Tell" can be used to give a command.

Tell me what you know about the merger.


"Speak" and "talk" are similar but "talk" refers more to a conversation rather than one person's statements.

We talked about our holidays for hours.
The doctor spoke to us about the test results.
Some animals can talk or say things but they are not capable of telling us anything!

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