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"Job" is a countable noun.
"Work" is an uncountable noun. It refers to the activity, nature or place of a job or business.
- The work on the new airport should be under way soon.
- What kind of work do you do?
- You can reach him at the office. He should be at work by now.
- Learning English can be hard work.
Both "task" and "job" can refer to a piece of work.
- My first task/job will be to get to know my way around the office.
But "task" is often a hard or unpleasant duty.
If something "works" it means that it functions properly or produces the desired results.
- Your strategy isn't working. Maybe you should try a new approach.
To "work out" means to calculate or complete.
- With insurance and the special discount it works out to $257 a month.
A "workout" is any type of fitness training.
- I need to do a workout three times a week to feel good.
"Work in" is to mix or add little by little.
- Once you've added all the ingredients, gradually work in the mixture until you get a soft, cohesive dough.
"Work off" means to remove gradually.
- I need to do some exercise to work off this extra weight.
"Work over" is to revise or rework.
- We need to work over the report and make some changes.
"Work up" is to cause or develop.
- You'll have to do more strenuous exercise if you want to work up a sweat.